The biggest lockdown in the history of mankind had to be implemented by the government of India. There are no international travels happening, no road or rail traffic in India and no one on the streets. The second-largest population in the world has been forced to stay indoors for 21 days by the smallest of the microorganisms in the world.
But is this still enough to fight this battle with the highly-infectious deadly disease – COVID-19?
There are several factors that make this battle different & crucial for the future of this country. However, in spite of all health infrastructure, it’s strengths and limitations, do we really have a chance to survive?
To understand why this all is being done, you need to first understand how our body’s immune system work. Then we’ll take a close look at what exactly happens when coronavirus attacks your body.
After that, we’ll look at the future of India, what’s happening, how to prevent this crisis and win the battle against COVID-19.
What is the immune system?
What are white blood cells – function and types
What is an immune response?
The difference in Immune response: Bacteria vs Virus
How does coronavirus attack your body?
How dangerous is Coronavirus without symptoms?
Why is coronavirus spreading so fast?
How to eliminate coronavirus
What is the need of the hour to prevent coronavirus
What is an Immune System?
The immune system is a body’s defense mechanism. It’s essential for your health, fighting bacteria & viruses and staying free from infections. It’s made out of white blood cells and is spread throughout the whole body.
White Blood Cells
White blood cells, also called leukocytes, circulate in your blood and lymphatic vessels. Their main function is to fight viruses, bacteria, and any invaders. When they find an invader, they rush in to fight and destroy it (1).
They’re produced by bone marrow constantly and they live a lifespan from 13 to 20 days, after which time they are destroyed in the lymphatic system. They’re stored throughout your body in many places such as (2):
Thymus (A gland in upper chest in the center behind the chest bone which stays active till puberty)
Spleen (an organ in the upper left part of the abdomen)
Bone marrow (the spongy tissue inside some of your bones)
Lymph nodes (small glands that filter lymph, the clear fluid that circulates through the lymphatic system)
There are also two main types of white blood cells, which we’ll look at next.
Phagocytes – These’re your main fighters. When they find an invader – virus or bacteria – they surround it and eat it (3).
Lymphocytes – This type of white blood cell keeps a log of your previous invaders. That way, when they attack your body again, it recognizes it and destroys it more efficiently (4).
These are the two main types of fighters – white blood cells. But what actually happens when your body is under attack?
The Immune Response
An immune response is a response of your body to invaders. These can be parasites such as viruses or bacteria. Let’s take a deeper look at what exactly happens when your body is under attack.
How Does Bacteria Attack Your Body?
Bacteria are small, single-celled organisms. There are life processes happening inside their bodies and consist of DNA, membrane, and cytoplasm (4). There’re many ways bacteria can get to your body. One way is when you’re cut.
When you’re cut or there’s any break in the skin, bacteria can use it as a way to get to your body. It can enter the body through the food or the air you breathe.
After bacteria is in your body, your immune system can detect it. However, some bacteria are very sophisticated, so sometimes they can go unnoticed by your body.
When it’s in your body, it starts replicating itself by cell division(5). Sometimes, your body can detect bacteria early and destroy it. However, there’re times when it can’t. That’s when antibiotics come to help.
Antibiotics kill or stop the replication process of bacteria, so your body can have time to get rid of what’s left (6).
How Does Virus Attack Your Body?
Viruses are a lot smaller than bacteria. They’re made of DNA or RNA enclosed inside a coat of protein. There’re no processes happening, on its own virus doesn’t do anything. It just exists (7).
Let’s now take a little bit deeper look at how can viruses work.
You can imagine coronavirus or any other virus as a message in a bottle. It goes through your body and gets picked up by your body’s cell. It reads its message – genetic material – and reproduction of viruses inside the cell’s body starts happening (8).
There can be thousands of copies inside the cell happening. Once the new viruses are made, they leave the cell by destroying them. Then they’ll continue to spread out through your body.
Sometimes your body catches it early by T lymphocytes and destroys it immediately (9). However, sometimes if your immune system is weakened, your body detects it when it’s too late.
You need to be very careful because there’s no cure for the virus. However, there’re some antiviral drugs that can help inhibit the reproduction of viruses, but they don’t destroy them (10). Your body is on its own in tackling infections caused by viruses.
How Does Coronavirus Attack Your Body?
The virus is spread by droplets from sneeze or cough. It gets to your body through your nose or mouth or eyes. Once when it’s in your body it continues to stay in your throat for some time.
There the coronavirus attacks your cells. That’s why one of the first symptoms of coronavirus is a sore throat (11). After they’re reproduced in your throat, they continue down through your airways to your lungs.
It causes inflammation down there, which can make it more difficult for the lungs to function properly. It can also cause swelling, which makes it much more difficult for oxygen to get into your lungs. The swelling and decreased oxygen flow can cause your lungs to fill in with thick and viscous fluid and dead cells (12).
When it’s very severe, you may need to be put on breathing support also called a ventilator. In some cases, your lungs are filled with so much fluid, that no breathing support can help you and you die.
Coronavirus Without Symptoms
Sometimes when your cells get infected, the virus doesn’t start to replicate. It just mixes up the genetics of the cell. Then the cell starts to reproduce with these genetic changes inside of it.
This can happen because of the many reasons such as having a strong immune system. That’s why some people with coronavirus are asymptomatic – without symptoms. The virus knows that your immune system is very strong and would destroy it immediately (13).
So, it waits for the perfect opportunity when your immune system is weakened. This can be also caused by stress or physical activity. Then this opportunistic virus may strike and start attacking the infected cells.
However, just because you’re asymptomatic or without any signs or symptoms of infection, it doesn’t mean you can’t infect others. You can still carry the infection and transmit it to others even when you are not aware that you are walking bomb of these viruses sparking others with this contagious infection.
Why Is Coronavirus Spreading So Fast?
There have been many scares about coronavirus in recent times. But what makes it so scary? Why are the numbers of infected people skyrocketing so fast?
It has everything to do with the way it’s spread. Coronavirus is extremely infectious. Just as little as one droplet is enough to make you infected. The worst people are people with no symptoms – asymptomatic.
These individuals don’t even know they have it and spread it all around. On average, a person with coronavirus infects 2 – 3 people. However, this number is drastically higher when a person doesn’t know he is infected i.e., asymptomatic people.
The worst part is, that the number of infected people rises exponentially. That means that these numbers can rise to 180 million infected people and more than 45 million deaths without proper interventions.
How to Save India And Fight Coronavirus
India, unlike some countries, has a very young population. The average age in India is 27 years, which is very young. This is good, because young people are more resistant to coronavirus than elderly, as you can see from the chart below.
However, this doesn’t mean you can’t get infected when you’re young. You can always be an active career of the infection & infect so many other people without your knowledge. You need to strictly follow recommendations and interventions for preventing coronavirus to curb the spread. Most importantly, social distancing by avoiding the source of coronavirus – people.
The Initial Lockdown
The government of India has proactively started a 21 days lockdown a few days ago. It’s the biggest lockdown in the history of humans. All international travels have been stopped; no trains are traveling in the country. All the shops and factories have been closed and people must stay at home.
This may seem drastic, however, it’s essential for the prevention of spreading coronavirus. Fortunately, this lockdown started early, with just 300 cases as opposed to Italy (9,000) or the USA (11,000).
However, lockdown may be a great step for decreasing the number of infected people by breaking the chain of transmission, but it doesn’t have to help that much with eliminating the virus in infected people.
Why Initial Lockdown Isn’t Enough?
Lockdown is one of the most important things to decrease the spread of the virus. But does it help eliminate it?
When people are at home, there’s an exponentially lower chance of catching coronavirus. But what about infected people? Well… They stay infected and infect others around them.
This is the biggest problem in India right now and the solution is simple but not easy to execute. The way to eliminate coronavirus is to start testing, testing, and testing.
When you start testing people and detecting the virus in them, you start decreasing their exposure to healthy people by bringing them in quarantine. However, as we said earlier, on average, an infected person infects 2 – 3 people.
So, if we want to eliminate it completely, we need to trace all people who have been in contact with an infected person and put them to quarantine. Then and only then, we’ll save humanity and eliminate this extremely-infectious deadly virus. But do we have enough testing kits to be able to do that?
The Shortage of Testing Kits in India
Testing may be the answer to eliminating coronavirus, but can we afford it? India tests around 1700 people daily and this number rises as you can see from the chart below.
BUT THIS IS NOT ENOUGH!
India is so far among the lowest ratios of testing in the world. One of the reasons is a shortage of testing kits. Below is a chart comparing India’s testing to other countries.
As you can see, India is extremely behind other countries. This is all because of the shortage of testing kits. There’s been delivered around 1 million testing kits so far. But this is very little for a country with more than 1.3 billion inhabitants.
When people can’t be tested, we don’t know if they’re infected or not. This leads to a huge spread of coronavirus in the country and around the world. But even if we had enough tests, would it help?
Hospitalization & Lack of Beds
Sooner or later, the number of infected people with coronavirus will rise. The problem is, can we take care of these people?
Most of the deaths from coronavirus aren’t because of the severity of the disease. Rather because of the lack of hospital beds and ICU (intensive care unit) beds.
Currently, India has 700000 hospital beds and 70000 ICU beds. This means there are only 0.7 beds per 1000 people, in comparison with the USA (2.9) and Italy (3.4). These two countries can’t handle it and there’re hundreds of deaths daily. How can we?
The lack of testing kits and beds in the hospital is a huge problem. But are there any solutions to these problems?
Well… The most important thing is to stop spreading it, that means take all the necessary steps to prevent it, which include:
Wash your hands regularly
Wear a facemask
Clean and disinfect your environment
However, most people are doing all of these recommendations and still get sick. Why? Because they have weakened immunity. When you age, your body gets older and becomes weaker. So does your immunity system and so you’re more likely to catch coronavirus.
But this doesn’t mean that if you’re young you can’t get sick. Everyone’s immunity can get better and so can you prevent coronavirus. The best thing is, you can do it from home and it’s simple, fast & effective.
Boost Your Immunity & Protect Yourself
There’re many ways to support your immunity, which include:
Drink a lot of water
Quit smoking if you smoke
Don’t drink a lot of alcohol
Sleep at least 7 – 9 hours
Most of these are common sense, but if you’d have to choose, the most important is your diet. There’s nothing more important than your diet. It’s what gives you vitamins, nourishes your cells, heal your wounds, regenerates your body and makes you sustain a healthy body.
Your diet can make such a massive difference, that’s why you should start caring about what you’re putting in your mouth.
We have collected more than 15 food ideas, which will massively boost your immunity and can help decrease the chances of catching coronavirus or any other infectious disease. Here they’re:
Remember, you’re what you eat, and if you want to stay healthy, you need to eat healthily!
Obesity is a medical condition, which occurs when a person carries an excess amount of weight. It’s not just a cosmetic issue, but a serious disease, which you should take care of.
Obesity isn’t rare, in fact, more than 650 million people are obese (1). It increases your risk of having serious medical problems such as heart failure by 70% (2).
Obesity also reduces your life expectancy by 3 to 10 years, depending on severity (3).
So it’s something you should eliminate as soon as possible.
So how do you know if you’re obese or just overweight? The answer lies in BMI. Body mass index is a tool doctors use to identify obesity. If your BMI is higher than 30, you’re obese.
But is it all your fault or does genetics play a role as well? We’ll talk about this and a lot more in the next section.
The Causes of Obesity
Although there can be many reasons like genetics, metabolic or hormonal influences, obesity occurs when you take in more calories than you burn. Your body stores these calories as a reserve in the form of fat.
Let’s now look at some of the most common causes of obesity:
Poor diet – The number of reasons why people are obese is a bad diet. Americans eat 300–400% more fat than they should (4). However, fat is not the only problem. Carbohydrates present 45 – 60 % of calories. So if you’re looking to lose weight and not being obese, start cutting carbs and unhealthy food. You can learn more about weight loss and diet here.
Lack of physical activity – Another reason for being obese is an inactive lifestyle. Sitting all day and not exercising can lead to several issues including obesity. Start slowly by walking for 30 minutes every day and then transition into workouts. This will lead to an increase in burning calories and can prevent obesity.
Genetics – People who have obesity have commonly multiple genes causing it. The most common obesity gene is FTO (fat mass and obesity gene), which is found in up to 43% of the population. These genes can cause increased hunger, caloric intake or reduced satiety. However, they don’t predestine obesity. With regular physical activity and a healthy diet, you can fit and healthy.
Age – Another factor is age. This is because your metabolism is slowing down with your age. As you get older, you lose muscles and this leads to a slower metabolism. Losing muscles and being less active are the biggest influences of metabolic speed. You can learn more about that here.
Insufficient sleep – Sleep can play a role in obesity too. If you have insufficient sleep, it can trigger hormonal problems and changes. This can lead to increased hunger and therefore higher caloric intake.
All of these things can cause obesity. So it’s important you start working towards eliminating it because you can develop some serious complications. We’ll talk about them in the next section.
The complications of obesity
Obese people have much higher chances of having serious health complications. They’re also more likely to have problems with joints and bones, because of the excess weight they need to carry. One pound of your body makes 4 pounds extra load upon your knee joints (5).
Obesity is one of the top 5 leading causes of death (6).
Obesity also increases inflammation in the body, which can lead to cancer. Obesity is linked to more than 60 chronic diseases (7). Some of the most common are:
Heart diseases and stroke – Obese people can have excess amounts of cholesterol and higher blood pressure. This can lead to serious problems and heart diseases.
Type 2 diabetes – Obese people are up to 80 times more likely to develop type 2 diabetes. Men with waist circumferences in the highest 10 percent of measurements were 20 times more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than men whose waist circumferences fell in the lowest 10 percent (8). It can also cause type 2 diabetes because of the increased levels of fatty acids and inflammation. This can lead to insulin resistance, which is a major cause of developing type 2 diabetes.
Sexual problems and infertility – Obese people have higher levels of leptin, which is produced in fatty tissues. This can lead to problems with hormone balance and lead to infertility. There’re also problems with erectile dysfunction. Obese men are 2½ times more likely to struggle with erectile dysfunction (9).
Cancer – Obesity can cause some types of cancer, with higher risk with breast, esophageal and endometrial cancers.
Sleep apnea – Obesity may cause sleep apnea. It’s a serious disorder in which breathing repeatedly stops and starts during sleep.
We have looked at the most common causes and complications of obesity. Let’s now look at ways on how to prevent it or treat it.
The Prevention and Treatment of Obesity
It doesn’t matter if you’re overweight, obese or you just want to prevent it. There are a few changes in your diet and lifestyle, which can prevent obesity from happening. All of these steps are the same as steps for losing weight.
Here’s the list of the best steps to prevent obesity:
Regular Physical activity – Exercise is great for burning calories, reducing stress and feeling better. It can also help you prevent fight obesity. Experts recommend from 150 to 300 minutes of physical activity per week for maximal results. Physical activity is great for making room for the most important part – diet.
Healthy diet – The most important part of preventing or treating obesity is your diet. You can’t outwork a bad diet. So, it’s crucial you pay close attention to it. Click here If you want to learn more about a healthy diet.
Monitor your progress – What you can measure you can improve. It’s important to monitor your weight and doing necessary changes in your diet. Set realistic goals, track your progress and achieve them.
Be consistent – Remember, the most important thing is to be consistent. Many people quit because of the plateau or they’re not motivated enough. It has everything to do with not seeing improvements. Why? Because of the bad diet plan. A diet that is not tailored for them and doesn’t work. You can learn more about diet and get a perfectly-tailored diet plan here.
Children with BMI at the same level or more than 95% of other kids are obese. It’s a serious medical condition and shouldn’t be overlooked. If a child’s parents are overweight or obese, a child has an 80% chance of becoming overweight as well (10).
It’s necessary to start working on it as soon as possible because it can lead to severe complications like diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart problems. Obesity is the number one cause of liver cirrhosis and liver failure in kids (11).
There’re many things which can cause obesity, some of them are:
Problems in life – Many young people eat an excessive amount of food because of the problems. They are constantly in stress, which can lead to hormonal changes and excessive eating. Therefore it’s very important to talk with your children about their problems and find a way to solve them.
Eating habits – Many young people are obese because of the fast-food they consume daily. Try to eliminate unhealthy food, candies, and sugary drinks. This can massively improve your weight.
Irregular activity – Just like with adults, an inactive lifestyle can cause obesity. So it’s important to put your kids in sports at an early age. This can set them up for an active lifestyle.
Parents – Most of the children see their parents as role models. So what do you think they do when they see their parents overeating and being obese? They will imitate it. This can also lead to obesity in the early age
All of these can cause childhood obesity which can remain for the rest of life. Children who are obese are 5 times more likely to be obese adults than normal children (12). So, it’s important to teach your children a healthy lifestyle and diet from an early age.
Let’s now look at some benefits of being fit and healthy.
Why to lose extra weight
There are many reasons why to take on a weight loss journey and improve your life. Some of them are:
Longer life – Obesity reduces your life expectancy by 3 to 10 years. Nobody wants to die, we all want to have a long life full of joy and happiness. So stop shortening it. Start working towards getting fit and live a better and healthier life.
Sexual satisfaction – Obesity leads to less sexual satisfaction and less frequent sexual activity. This all leads to having no sex partner and being unsatisfied and depressed. Stop ruining your sexual life and get on with weight loss.
Be a role model – Whether you have children, friends or people who look up to. You’ll always have someone who’ll look up to. Do you want them to see you obese and unable to move? Do you want them to see your life full of complications and health problems? Or you would rather show them your fullest potential. A life full of joy and happiness, without health problems and success.
Don’t limit yourself – Obese people are unable to move properly. They have difficulties walking, running, jumping and doing all the natural movements. Stop restraining and limiting yourself and start moving the way you want. Enjoy every moment without feeling any pain or difficulty
Obese people are also less successful. 50% of all employers are less likely to hire an obese person (13).
So stop living a life full of pain and health problems. Start a weight loss journey and life your life to its fullest potential. Feel wonderful, move freely and enjoy every second of your life.
Let’s start your weight loss journey together!
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Nipah virus, when infected can be fatal. It is best to know about it beforehand and learn about its symptoms so that it can be detected in time.
1. What is Nipah Virus and how it spreads?
Nipah virus (NiV) infection is the newly emerging zoonosis disease that spreads from animal to humans. The natural host of the virus is fruit bats of the pteropodidae family, pteropus genus.
NiV is also capable of causing disease in pigs and other domestic animals too.
2. What does it do and how do you know that it is Nipah Virus?
The usual symptoms are like other viral illnesses such as fever, cold-like symptoms, encephalitis symptoms (brain fever like symptoms of vomiting, confusion, neck stiffness) or myocarditis (breathlessness & chest pain)
3. What is the treatment of Nipah Virus Infection
No treatment so far is proven to be successful and no vaccine for it’s prevention. Only Intensive supportive care till the symptoms subside can be given.
4. Is it the first time this Nipah Virus has spread?
There have been outbreaks of Nipah Virus in the past too.
2001: Siliguri-45 Deaths 2007: Nadia-5 Deaths
71 infected 50 died
How can Nipah Virus Infection be prevented?
It can be prevented in the following ways if you live in a region which is on an alert due to NiV.
Prevention of Animal-to-human transmission
Avoid consuming date palm sap or country liquor called Toddy as the chances of it being contaminated with NiV are very high as fruit bats are very likely to visit the date palm trees and lick the sap.
Avoid climbing on the trees where bats may have left their secretions or saliva.
Prevention of Human-to-human transmission
Though not very commonly found it is possible to get infected with NiV if one gets in touch with the secretions of infected patients.
The respiratory secretions are the primary carriers of NiV in humans. If you have anyone who has the infection and has the chance to breathe in their out-breath, you can get infected too. The risk gets very high is the patient has respiratory symptoms, such as coughing and sneezing. Avoid sharing the bed & other consumables of an infected person.
As per a study published in the Journal of Infection, NiV was identified to be present in urine, saliva and throat swabs of infected people. So, exercise caution if you are sharing a washroom with an infected person.
Prevention is always better than cure & in the case of Nipah Virus, there is no cure.
Indian population is probably more scared of mosquitoes than tigers these days. With Dengue & Chikungunya prevalent this season, a bite by a mosquito sends more danger signals in the minds.
Not all the cases of these illnesses have to land in hospitals or prove to be fatal but the physical & mental agony of the patients & their family members is worth a consideration for all the preventive measures. Being a clinician for last 23 years, I have not seen this concern reflecting on many faces when the diagnosis is disclosed in clinics. Leaving the treatment, waiting and watching for the danger signs is what is usually advised by good physicians but why not prevent if it can be prevented so effectively.
How to Prevent from Mosquito
Let me rather tell you how to prevent the mosquito bites which is the only way we can shun the chances of these diseases.
In fact, the mosquitoes find their victims through smell. Their sensory organs are trained to find the sources of carbon dioxide & lactic acid because these chemicals give them the whereabouts of warm-blooded animals, like you and me.
It is not that mosquitoes hate the smell of these mosquito repellents which makes the repellents work. Rather, it is because the usual chemical put in repellants namely ‘DEET’ which is very effective at masking the smell of carbon dioxide and lactic acid. When we apply DEET, the mosquitoes can’t smell us and so they leave us alone. There are natural repellents such as geranium oil or citronella that work the same way, but they just don’t seem to be quite as effective as DEET.
You might have probably noticed that certain people complain that they are bitten more by mosquitoes than others. Now that is also due to smell and not because the mosquitoes prefer certain blood-types, as people sometimes think.
Each one of us carry a unique smell, a type of aromatic unique identity code. There are around 400 different aromatic compounds which make up the human scent and aexert\
bout 30 out of them appear to have an effect which may help you hide yourself from the mosquitoes. If any of these 30 masking compounds happen to be prominent in your aromatic unique identity code, it tends to make us less visible to mosquitoes. One the other hand, the other compounds act as attractants, making some people not just visible to mosquitoes but favorite mosquito magnets. Around 10% of the population are mosquito magnets.
So, the question that arises now is, whether we can do something to manipulate our smell so that we become less appealing to mosquitoes? Is there scientific justification that eating garlic can repel mosquitoes? In fact, there is…
How garlic can help you keep mosquitoes away?
Eating garlic can give us mild protection from mosquitoes, both from the odor in our breath as well as sulfur compounds that we emit through our skin.
The smell of garlic is supposed to repel mosquitoes. So it might make sense to smell like an Italian restaurant full garlic recipes rather smelling like mosquito magnet. Applying or consuming more garlic during this season may help, although it probably may repel more than just mosquitoes. Eating has an added advantage of added protection, both from the odor on your breath as well as the sulfur compounds come out through your skin when you eat garlic.
Though, scientists estimate that the genetics are responsible for about 85% of our attractiveness to mosquitoes, so we mosquito magnets may have to pray for the good luck to be spared by the virus carrying mosquitoes.
Other ways to be less visible or less attractive to mosquitoes is not to indulge in exertion when mosquitoes are around. When you exert, you emit more lactic acid & more carbon dioxide, which attracts them to you. So, this will be the one season when I’ll be advising you to be more home bound or if you have to venture out, then do yourself a favour by wearing full sleeves light coloured clothing especially during the peak hours for mosquitoes bites which are early mornings & dusk time.
Chikungunya has been discovered in recent times to be one of the most distressing diseases. It is a viral infection that can even prove fatal in some of the cases.
High fever (temperature near about 102.2 °F)
Severe body pain
Joint pain along with inflammation
Loss of taste
Chikungunya can be a life-threatening disease. However, the virus itself doesn’t lead to death. The virus drastically lowers the immune system, thereby increasing the body’s susceptibility to infections and complications related to the disease. So the most important aim of a diet prescribed for Chikungunya patients should be to improve the body’s resistance and decrease the severity and duration of symptoms.
Healthy Diet During Chikungunya Disease
A healthy normal diet including items from all the different food groups may be given to those suffering from Chikungunya.
To combat high fever, a soft but balanced diet with plenty of hot liquids should be given to the patient.
Taking plenty of fluids in the form of warm water, soups, and broths can help flush out the virus faster from the body.
In order to build immunity, foods rich in selenium, chromium, zinc, and the vitamins A, C, and E should be eaten, these help to fight free radicals in our body.
Eating oranges, amla, sweet lime, capsicum, broccoli, pineapple, cabbage, papaya, and guavas can provide vitamin C, which destroys viruses and bacteria.
Rich in vitamin A, yellow- orange colored fruits and vegetables can increase the production of natural infection-fighting cells. These can be enjoyed in your salads, soups, snacks, and veggies.
Eating radish can also facilitate thinning of mucous, clearing of sinuses, and relieving mucous-related headaches.
Supplementing the diet with good sources of omega 3 fatty acids like fatty fishes, almonds, walnuts, and flaxseeds can reduce inflammation.
Have a concoction made from herbs like tulsi, amrutharista, sudarshanchurnam, mahasudarshanachurna, gutika, and amruthotharamkashayam may lessen the severity of Chikungunya symptoms.
Avoid eating highly spicy and deep fried foods, drinking caffeinated beverages, smoking, and consuming alcohol as these can further weaken the body’s defenses and prolong the symptoms.