In this informative health talk on Congenital Heart Disease, Dietitian Pallavi Jassal talks to Dr. Rajat Gupta, Consultant – Pediatric Cardiology, about the “Heart Defects By Birth”.
Congenital heart diseases, or congenital heart defects, are a group of heart abnormality present at birth. The defect can be in:
the blood vessels
the heart walls
the heart valves
There are many types of congenital heart diseases which range from simple conditions that don’t cause symptoms to complex conditions that may cause severe, life-threatening symptoms.
Symptoms of Congenital Heart Diseases
Though, a congenital heart defect can many times be detected during a pregnancy ultrasound. But, in some cases, the signs or symptoms of a birth defect in the heart may not appear until shortly after birth. The newly born baby with congenital heart defects may show one or more of the following signs:
bluish discolouration of lips, fingers, toes and skin
troubled breathing or breathlessness
difficulties in accepting feeds
low body weight at birth
pain in chest
delay in achieving growth milestones
In some cases, the typical symptoms of congenital heart defects may not get noticed until many years after birth. But, symptoms that develop later, may include:
abnormality of heart rhythms or beats
giddiness or dizziness
troubled breathing or shortness of breath
loss of consciousness or fainting
swelling on body
easy fatigue or tiredness
Causes of Congenital Heart Disease
Congenital heart diseases often occur as a result of an early developmental problem in the heart’s structure. The defect that interferes with the typically normal flow of blood through the heart and the connecting blood vessels may affect breathing. Although the scientists aren’t exactly sure why the heart fails to develop correctly, suspected causes include the following
Usage of certain prescription drugs during pregnancy that may put a child at a higher risk for a heart defect.
A positive family history of heart defects
Usage of alcohol or drugs during pregnancy
A viral infection of the mother during the first trimester of pregnancy
Increase in blood sugar levels in mother or gestational diabetes
Take care, stay informed, stay blessed & LiveLifeMore.
Dr. Sandeep Jassal is a renowned Wellness Physician with vast experience of 24 years in natural integrative medicine, preventive & promotive health care that includes a perfect blend of Ayurveda, Modern Medicine, Nutrition, & lifestyle modification. He is an ardent speaker & health motivator with a mission of adding years to life & adding life to years of all. Known for his exemplary work in weight loss, health motivation, he has produced more than 1950 health talks for radio & has been invited to various national & international conferences.