Understanding the Problem
Before getting the thyroid diet plan, let’s see what is thyroid. The thyroid is a tiny butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck which controls the working of nearly every organ of the body. It has a profound effect on the metabolism, respiration, cholesterol, level of calcium, brain development, the cardiovascular system as well as the menstrual cycle. The gland releases T3 (triiodothyronine) and T4 (thyroxine)hormones which are essential for the proper functioning of the body. However, an imbalance in the production of the T3 and T4 hormones can lead to two common types of thyroid disorders; Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid gland causing low levels of hormones T3 and T4) and Hyperthyroidism (overactive functioning of thyroid releasing excess hormones). These are together referred to as Autoimmune Thyroid Disease (ATD).
Thyroid disorder is more prevalent in women than men and occurs mostly in the middle age.
The commonly observed signs indicating hypothyroidism are:
- Slower fat and carbohydrate metabolism leading to weight gain
- Dryness of skin and hair
- Ability to concentrate is lowered
- Mood swings
- Muscle cramps
- Excess menstrual flow
Symptoms of hyperthyroidism include:
- Weight loss
- High B.P
- Palpitation or higher rates of heartbeat
- Mood swings
- Bone loss
- Excess sweating and clamminess
- Puffy eyes, intolerance to bright lights
- Increase in appetite
The thyroid disorder can occur due to family hereditary, dysfunctional pituitary gland, pregnancy, iodine deficiency, autoimmune disease, certain medicinal reactions or as a side effect of radiation therapies.
The thyroid disorder can put the person at a greater risk of cardiovascular disease as it affects the pumping ability of the heart, alters the metabolic rate of the organs and may lead to an increase in LDL level or bad cholesterol. It affects the person’s daily life by ushering mood swings, mental capabilities, and general well being. The weight gain or loss associated with the disrupted functioning of thyroid leads to a host of other health issues.